(1900 Times Atlas of the World)
1207 Marco Sanudo, a Venetian adventurer, conquered Naxos and the nearby islands including Mykonos
1566 Jacopo IV Crispo, the last Duke of Naxos, was ousted by the Ottomans, but before that date the Republic of Venice took control of Mykonos; it already ruled nearby Tinos.
1715 The Ottomans landed on Tinos with a large army and conquered its fortress; this ended the Venetian rule on Mykonos.
View of the old part of the town
Mykonos is located at the centre of the Aegean Sea; it is very close to Delos, the site of a very important ancient sanctuary to Apollo and to Tinos and not far from Syros, Naxos and Paros. It did not have the same importance as the other islands because its natural harbours had no protection from meltemi, the strong northern wind which blows on the Aegean Sea.
The Venetian town was built on a low and small headland which only partially protected a cove. The harbour faced north so when the meltemi blew ships could not moor.
Venetian houses were built right on the edge of the low cliff: they probably did not have as many balconies as they have today. "Little Venice" is known for its many restaurants and shops.
(left) An old house; (right) Our Lady of the Rosary, the Roman Catholic church
During the long period of Venetian rule Mykonos was a sort of appendage of Tinos and the Roman Catholic Bishop of Tinos had authority over Mykonos.
Inscription at Our Lady of the Rosary
The church was renovated by Bishop Angelo Venier during the pontificate of Pope Innocent XI. This pope supported the Republic of Venice financially during the 1685-99 war which led to the conquest of Morea (Peloponnese).
The coat of arms of the King of France was most likely placed above the inscription after 1715, the year Mykonos became an Ottoman possession. France acted, with the permission of the Sultans, as protector of the Catholics living in the Ottoman Empire: the coat of arms meant the church was under French protection.
(left) Gravestone inside Our Lady of the Rosary with the initial sentence of the Mass for the Dead (Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine - Grant them eternal rest, O Lord); (right) decoration of the top of an old chapel
During the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries the decoration of many Roman churches and funerary monuments was based on reminders of Death (Memento Mori). This fashion was not limited to Rome and bones and skulls can be seen even at Mykonos, although the island was very poor and scarcely populated.
In the late XVIIIth century and in the early XIXth century Tinos and Syros, as well as other Greek islands, developed a large merchant navy which supplied the various provinces of the Ottoman Empire. The corn bought in Syria or in the Anatolian tableland was processed in Mykonos and this explains why so many windmills were built near the harbour (from this point of view the meltemi was a positive factor).
The image used as background for this page shows Panagia Paraportiani.
Mykonos became very popular in the 1960s for its naturist and somewhat transgressive beaches; unfortunately this brought such a touristic development that it led to disfiguring the character and the landscape of the island: SUVs everywhere, very anonymous and expensive hotels, the kind of shops you find in big cities, the kind of bars you find in big cities and the kind of people you find in big cities.
Introductory page on the Venetian Fortresses in Greece
List of the fortresses
|Geographic area||Location||Ionian Islands||Corfų (Kerkyra) Paxo (Paxi) Santa Maura (Lefkadas) Cefalonia (Kephallonia) Asso (Assos) Itaca (Ithaki) Zante (Zachintos) Cerigo (Kythera)||Greek Mainland||Butrinto (Butrint) Parga Preveza and Azio (Aktion) Vonizza (Vonitsa) Lepanto (Nafpaktos) Atene (Athens)||Peloponnese (Morea)||Castel di Morea (Rio), Castel di Rumelia (Antirio) and Patrasso (Patra) Castel Tornese (Hlemoutsi) and Glarenza Navarino (Pilo) and Calamata Modon (Methoni) Corone (Koroni) Braccio di Maina, Zarnata, Passavā and Chielefā Mistrā Corinto (Korinthos) Argo (Argos) Napoli di Romania (Nafplio) Malvasia (Monemvassia)||Aegean Islands||Negroponte (Chalki) Castelrosso (Karistos) Oreo Lemno (Limnos) Schiatto (Skiathos) Scopello (Skopelos) Alonisso Schiro (Skyros) Andro (Andros) Tino (Tinos) Micono (Mykonos) Siro (Syros) Egina (Aegina) Spezzia (Spetse) Paris (Paros) Antiparis (Andiparos) Nasso (Naxos) Serifo (Serifos) Sifno (Syphnos) Milo (Milos) Argentiera (Kimolos) Santorino (Thira) Folegandro (Folegandros) Stampalia (Astipalea)||Crete||Grambusa (Granvousa) Castello (Kasteli/Kissamos) La Canea (Xania) Souda Candia (Iraklion) Rettimo (Rethymno) Spinalonga and Castel Mirabello Castles on the southern coast Sittia and Paleocastro|
You may refresh your knowledge of the history of Venice in the Levant by reading an abstract from
the History of Venice by Thomas Salmon, published in 1754. The Italian text is accompanied by an English summary.