Tame fowl they have as good
and savory as in any place, e. g. Hens, Capons, Turkeys, tame Pigeons. Geese are seldom heer to be sold.
Plenty also there is of wild foul of the best sorts, and
cheap enough, as Partridge of two kinds, the common and red-legg'd Partridge, Wood-cocks, Snipes,
Duck and Mallard, Wigeon, Teal, Gray, green and
bastard Plover, Curlews, Quails. Of small birds
the greatest plenty that I have any where seen, as
Thrushes in winter time an incredible number, Black-birds store, Larks infinite. (..) Wild Boar and venison of wild Deer you shall seldom fail of, to be sold in the Poulterers shops.
John Ray - Observations (..) made in a journey through part of (..) Italy in 1663
XVIIIth century Rome did not have an indoor market hall; fish was sold at Piazza di Pescaria, fruit and vegetables at Piazza Navona; wine at Piazza Madama; meat at Piazza della Rotonda, but market stands protected by small canopies were placed also in the streets between these two latter squares. Piazza Crescenzi housed the poultry market (as shown in the detail of the plate used as background for this page). This small 1752 etching by Giuseppe Vasi does not show women involved either in selling or buying.
The view is taken from the green dot in the 1748 map here below which shows: 1) Piazza Navona; 2) Piazza della Rotonda; 3) S. Eustachio; 4) Palazzo Crescenzi; 5) Palazzo Melchiorri. 1), 2) and 3) are shown in more detail in other pages.
The view in June 2010
In 1939 the small detached house shown in the etching was pulled down; Piazza Crescenzi (now Via di S. Eustachio) does not house the poultry market any longer, but it is one of the few locations in central Rome where parking is allowed. Two ancient granite columns which were found in 1934 near Palazzo Madama were re-erected along the side of S. Eustachio; they belonged to baths built by Emperor Nero and restored by Emperor Alexander Severus.
(left) Northern fašade of Palazzo Crescenzi where the main entrance was located; (right) western fašade of Palazzo Crescenzi (left) and Palazzo Melchiorri (right)
Palazzo Crescenzi was designed in the early XVIIth century; it was almost halved in 1882 to enlarge the street along the Pantheon and the entrance to the palace was relocated to Piazza Crescenzi; also adjoining Palazzo Melchiorri was reduced in size, but its entrance was already in this square.
(left) New entrance to Palazzo Serlupi Crescenzi; (right-above) detail of Palazzo Melchiorri; (right-below) detail of Palazzo Serlupi Crescenzi
The Crescenzi played a key role in the election of many medieval popes, but by the time Cardinal Pier Paolo Crescenzi built this palace their importance was very much reduced. Eventually the possessions of the Crescenzi were inherited by the Serlupi, so this palace and another one in Rione Colonna are known as Palazzi Serlupi Crescenzi. The Melchiorri (from Recanati) became a noble family in 1585 when they acquired the fiefdom of Torrita from the Orsini which they sold to the Torlonia in the XIXth century.
Ashmolean Museum of Oxford: small pediment of a shrine dedicated to the goddess Bona Dea Venus Cnidia (early IIIrd century AD) from the collection of Cardinal Crescenzi