The page covers:
The plate by Giuseppe Vasi
S. Maria della Purificazione
Via delle Sette Sale
S. Maria ad Nives (S. Andrea in Portogallo)
Madonna del Buon Consiglio (SS. Pantaleo e Biagio ai Monti)
S. Maria in Carinis
The south-western section of the Esquiline Hill was called Fagutal by the ancient Romans because it was covered by a wood of beech trees (Lat. Fagus); in 1758 when Giuseppe Vasi made this etching it still retained some tall trees. A small ravine near the nunnery of S. Lucia in Selci separated Fagutal from Cispius, the highest peak of the Esquiline, where S. Maria Maggiore stands on a commanding position. This page covers also other minor churches on the Fagutal.
The view is taken from the green dot in the 1748 map below. In the description below the plate Vasi made reference to: 1) Monastero di S. Lucia in Selci; 2) Cappellina del SS. Salvatore. The small map shows also 3) Monastero della Purificazione; 4) S. Maria ad Nives; 5) Madonna del Buon Consiglio; 6) S. Maria in Carinis; 7) Sette Sale. 1) and 7) are covered in other pages.
The view in March 2010: (left) Torre de' Capocci (which at Vasi's time was part of the nunnery of S. Lucia in Selci);
(right) part of the former fašade of S. Maria della Purificazione
In 1810 the nunnery of S. Maria della Purificazione was confiscated by the French authorities and it was used as a barracks for their troops; later on the property was sold and modified; eventually in ca. 1900 it was acquired by Canonici Regolari Lateranensi, a religious congregation based in the nearby Monastery of S. Pietro in Vincoli. In 1949 the new owners turned the building into a college (Collegio San Vittore dei Canonici Lateranensi); at that time the church was in ruin and it was replaced by the library of the college which incorporated the lower part of the fašade; a symbol of the congregation was placed above the former entrance (it is shown in the image used as background for this page).
(left) Portal in Via delle Sette Sale; (right) former entrance to the church with plaque celebrating the 1949 foundation of the college
Mario Ferro Orsini was born on Candlemas 1511; in the will he made in 1588 he left a significant amount of money for the construction
of a nunnery and a church dedicated to the Purification of Virgin Mary, which is celebrated on Candlemas; the feast is also named after the
Presentation of Jesus at the Temple.
The construction of the new buildings was completed by the year 1600 and the nunnery was assigned to the Poor Clares who resided there until the French confiscation.
In the early XVIIIth century an ancient underground chapel was found in the garden of the nunnery; it was dedicated to the Saviour owing to traces of a fresco portraying Jesus in the act of blessing. Today the level of the ground is higher than at Vasi's time and what is left of the chapel is almost entirely buried and access to it is dangerous.
(left) Via delle Sette Sale (to the right ruins of Terme di Traiano); (right) view of the bell tower of S. Maria Maggiore on the Cispius seen from Via delle Sette Sale
A section of Via delle Sette Sale (named after the cisterns of Terme di Traiano) could be included among the silent streets of Rome, small havens in the heart of the city where time has stopped.
S. Maria ad Nives
Medieval records mention a church called S. Andrea del Portogallo in this part of Fagutal; the reference to Portogallo had nothing to do with Portugal, but with Porta dei Galli, a nearby lost gate through which the Gauls entered Rome in 390 BC. In 1606 it was assigned to UniversitÓ dei Rigattieri, the guild of the junk dealers, who dedicated it also to St. Bernardine of Siena, their patron saint and who decided to rebuild the church. As a matter of fact it was only in the 1720s that the new church was consecrated; there is uncertainty about the architect who designed its fašade (Giuseppe Sardi or Carlo Fontana).
The guild of the junk dealers was dissolved in 1801; in 1824 the church was assigned to Confraternita di S. Maria della Neve - a brotherhood named after the Miracle of the Snow (It. neve) associated with the foundation of S. Maria Maggiore - and the church was given its current name.
(left) Madonna del Buon Consiglio; (right) XVIIIth century stucco and gilded wood altar
A church dedicated to St. Pantaleon is mentioned in XIIth century records; in the late XVIth century it was also dedicated to St. Blaise, after
the pulling down of a nearby church named after him. In 1753 the small building was assigned to Arciconfraternita della Beatissima Vergine del
Buon Consiglio, a brotherhood devoted to the worship of a sacred image of the Virgin Mary kept in Genazzano
and its name was changed. A very small chapel dedicated to the same sacred image is not far away.
Currently the church, spoiled of most of its works of art/decorations, is utilized by the Combonian Fathers for their charitable activities.
(left) S. Maria in Carinis; (centre/right) portals in nearby Via dei Frangipane
A quotation by Virgil indicates that Carinae was a quarter or street of Rome on the slope of the Fagutal to the north of the Roman Forum, occupied by
wealthy citizens; carina means the underwater part of a hull and Carinae could have been a reference to the shape of the slope or to something resembling
boats. The ancient name of the site was used to identify a small friary which housed between 1780 and 1805 the Cistercians
of S. Bernardo alle Terme. An inscription above a door retains the name of the church.
The neighbourhood has some interesting XVIth century houses.
Excerpts from Giuseppe Vasi 1761 Itinerary related to this page:
Dalla riferita chiesa di s. Martino ai Monti fino a questo luogo, ove osservammo questa chiesa, si crede essere giunte le terme Trajane cioŔ quelle fabbricate da Trajano, e accresciute alle terme di Tito, delle quali sono quelle rovine, che si vedono nelle vigne a sinistra. Nel monastero vi stanno le Suore di s. Chiara, e nella chiesa si osserva un bel quadro; ma non se ne fa l'autore.
Corrottamente si dice ora questa piccola chiesa in Portogallo: anticamente per˛ dicevasi col nome della contrada ad busta gallica, forse per i cadaveri de' Francesi ivi tumulati dopo la strage, che ne fece Cammillo. Fu questa antica parrocchiale: ma nell'an. 1607. fu conceduta alla confraternita de' Rigattieri. Indi voltando pel vicolo a sinistra, si trova la piccola chiesa di s. Pantaleone.